Rome has over 50 monumental fountains and other smaller ones making around 2000 fountains in all. Statistically, it has more fountains than any city in the world. Fountains have their importance and as we look more into it, we will also check some of the best Roman Fountains around.
Importance of Roman Fountains
I guess you may be asking yourself why fountains are created in Rome and some other parts of the world. Let us look at some of the reasons fountains are made.
- Fountains were connected to rivers which provide drinking water.
- They are used for decorating the city.
- They are used to celebrate important people.
Best Roman Fountains
Base on the importance of fountains in Rome, let us look at some of the best fountains.
Fontana di Trevi (Trevi Fountain)
Fontana di Trevi is the largest and most beautiful Roman fountain ever designed. The purpose of this fountain was to glorify the three different Popes behind the idea. The Popes are Pope Clement XII, Pope Benedict XIV and Pope Clement XIII. This fountain was created around 1730.
Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi (Fountain of the Four Rivers)
Gianlorenzo Bernini is the man behind the beautiful Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi in 1651 for Pope Innocent X. The base of the fountain has a basin that supports four river gods. Above them is a created copy of an Egyptian obelisk surmounted with the Pamphili family emblem of a dove with an olive twig.
The whole structure represents four major rivers of the four continents which papal authority holds. The Nile represents Africa, the Danube represents Europe, the Ganges represents Asia, and the Río de la Plata represents the Americas.
Fontana Delle Tartarughe (Turtle Fountain)
Fontana Delle Tartarughe was built between 1580 and 1588 by the architect Giacomo Della Porta and the sculptor Taddeo Landini. This fountain was designed to supply drinking water to the Roman population.